Now that assembly elections in some states have been announced in India; there is the huge cry of backward classes being neglected. New promises will be made for some more downtrodden to be included in some reservation quota etc.
But the fact is the four varnas namely-brahmans, kshatriyas, vaishyas and shudras were never meant to be hereditary or passed on from generation ot generation.
As it is said in the Bhagvad Gita 2.13
catur-varnyam maya srstam guna karma vibhagasah (this is the first line of the shloka)
Meaning that according to the three modes of nature and the work associated with them; the four divisions of society are made by ME. (ME means the Lord).
So the four division of society were based on one’s propensity or ‘guna’. You enjoy learning and teaching then you have Brahminical qualities, if you like trade you belong to the vaishya category, you are passionate about martial arts and want to fight for your country you belong to Kshatriyas etc.
A brahmin’s son could become a sudra and vice versa.
So where did this varnashram based on heredity creep in and most important why is it being encouraged?
The actual creation of varnas was to divide the human society in classes so that each person could elevate to the spiritual platform in his own way. Like a teacher will teach, a kshatriya will fight etc. But each will do his varna dharma in such a way which brings him closer to GOD.
But is that happening now? NO.